How To Find Files Modified On A Specific Date In Unix
Last modified on 2019-06-18 14:46:49. I use this to determine if a folder on a server in one domain should be replicated to a server in another domain, so it only returns true/false if there are any modifications, but the logic can be easily adapted to return a list of modified files instead. Finding files is a very common task on any operating system. It's convenient to store these associated files together with the Python packages which use them. macam macam debian1. -mtime -2 Search the current directory and all subdirectories for files modified within the last 2 days. This file-list is typically created by ls, find or locate and then piped directly to cpio; but it can also first be filtered/edited with commands like *grep, sed, sort and others. With so many choices, locating a specific file, or set of files, can be difficult. This script use stat command to find out information about file date and time using custom field format. Open "File Explorer" to the top. 1 clients and servers that parse the date value MUST accept all three formats (for compatibility with HTTP/1. The '-l' option make the grep command to print only the filename without printing the content of the file. Find and delete files modified in the last 30 minutes. Here are some tips you can use to find the components that are taking up space in a UNIX file system. We will use input fileF_Input_File. If you need on or after X date, go with the other suggestions of using mtime. But also you can use the find command with the -ctime to find files created within a certain amount of time. You can search for files by name, owner, group, type, permissions, date, and other criteria. Here are several unsuccessful attempts: 1) I tried creating temporary files and setting their timestamp to the first time in the next month and the first time in the target month and use -newer in find, like this:. Instead, there are only access time, (data) modification time, and (inode) change time. This is one example of a log rotation, where the most current log doesn't include the date in it's name. To know the permissions of files and directories use the command "ls -l". The AgeFileFilter in the ApacheS W Commons IOS library is a filter that can be used to filter files based on their last-modified dates. I have a set delimiter that I am able to use as a "drop from here" point and want to modifiy the output to use the shortened string. The '-l' option make the grep command to print only the filename without printing the content of the file. The ISO standard 8601 defines a date and time format that can be used internationally: YYYY-MM-DD to avoid the confusion that is often caused by differences in language and local custom. At Red Hat we have a particular fondness for Halloween. txt files < 3 days old and delete them, dealing with "permission denied" in find, finding a string within a text file, finding the full directory path for a command, find the. How do I fix video display problems? Also, the big, fragile tube may perhaps implode, scattering glass fragments like a hand grenade. #42 : How to change modified date of file using Powershell? I always had a technique in Unix which converts modified date of a file. PowerShell find files modified in last 24 hours PowerShell Script to get files modified in the last 3 days from a folder Now, we will see how we can get files modified in the last 3 days from a folder using PowerShell. Such filtering makes it easier to find the files modified on a specific date. A very common scenario where you want to delete some large old files to free some space in your machine. Within each directory tree specified by the given paths, it evaluates the given expression from left to right, according to the rules of precedence (see "Operators", below) until the outcome is known. You want to verify whether/how your Linux file system has been tampered with by someone recently. Note that there are thousands of commands available on a typical unix box. I am having problems with the file date being modified on our Unix server if I access the file from an XP workstation. Every Unix user will have an associated group. All validators are functionally equivalent; while their reporting styles may vary, they will find the same errors given identical input. For example, find. Batch File - List files modified within last 7 days Hi All, I'm trying to create a batch file that will create a text file listing all the files within a folder that has been modified within the last 7 days, i thought this was going to be easy using some kind of switch that looks at the modified date but that doesn't seem to exist and i can't. To fully understand the evolution of Unix, however, the story of Multics must first be told. pageboys and mother with the brde outf t c, , e r e ge. The UNIX/Linux "find" command can be used to locate any external Oracle files including database files (dbf), alert log files, and all trace and dump files The "which" command can also find files, and we can easily find the location of the SQL*Plus executable:. Home Register News Help Create Downloads Community Site Search Register News Help Create Downloads Community Site Search. find locates files on your system. In this article, I will show you how to sort files by date using ls command in Linux. I would like to know more about finding files from the shell prompt. This is the easiest method to delete files and folders in Windows. Note that any that were already in unix format will not be changed. Unix Commands - Free download as Word Doc (. find command can find files based on many file attributes besides just the file name and here are the fifteen file attributes which you can use to find a file or files and here are 14 ways to find files in your unix and linux system. If todays file is not preasent then create the todays file. However, users typically find them to be increasingly useful as they become more familiar with them and gain experience in the use of Unix-like operating systems. Reuse Anything: Add the most used or complex formulas, charts and anything else to your favorites, and quickly reuse them in the future. To find all the lines containing "system" at the beginning of the line, use this: grep "^system" example. ROBOCOPY /L - List files with specific properties DIRUSE - show size of multiple subfolders. txt was still on the server. Try to find an answer by searching the Web. Guys, I am wondering how to remove files for a specific date in a directory? for instance when I do ls -l , i see many files. These exercises will familiarize you with the basic UNIX commands for working with files and filesystems. Here’s a very quick post by request someone else may find helpful. So, if a file was created yesterday, that file needs to be moved. How to View Last Modified Files Using Windows Search. Same as when searching by size, use the plus and minus symbols for “greater than” or “less than”. You can broaden the results by using wildcards. 0), though they MUST only generate the RFC 1123 format for representing HTTP-date values in header fields. See section 19. For example, to find all files in the current directory that have been modified since yesterday (24 hours ago) use: find. conf on Linux/BSD/Unix or client. UNIX Tutorial Six Other useful UNIX commands quota. It's surprisingly difficult to tell with certainty when a web page was written. Hi, I want to remove trace files in a particular directory for a specific date range. Unix was born at Bell Labs out of the aborted attempt to make Multics the most advanced time sharing computer system yet available. The files which are older than a specified date will be removed. This method will do both the selecting & copying. For example, one can list all files that have been modified on a specific date. Why can I not find a file that Windows search tells me is there? In an effort to avoid confusion, Windows will hide certain files and folders by default. And no you can't just pipe this into xargs. This page is probably *not* what you're looking for - see the links at the bottom of this page for more useful information! jobs--- lists your currently active jobs (those that you put in the background) and their job numbers. Tutorial on using find, a UNIX and Linux command for walking a file hierarchy. The latter is often referred to as the "creation time" - even in some man pages - but that's wrong; it's also set by such operations as mv, ln, chmod, chown and chgrp. However, users typically find them to be increasingly useful as they become more familiar with them and gain experience in the use of Unix-like operating systems. There are some clues we can gather that might help - a little. Find files modified between given dates. This file (containing Python code) is called the "build configuration file" and contains all configuration needed to customize Sphinx input and output behavior. The following command sequence looks for any files that are more than 20 years, 7300 days, old. There are few ways to create files with given size. The UNIX find command can locate files based upon the time the files were last changed, accessed, or modified using the -ctime, -atime, or -mtime respectively. Execute End With For I = 1 To blah. Yes, of course, you can still do so from the powerful File Explorer that comes with Windows but it certainly takes more steps than a simple command. This article. Question: How can I preserve my files' create dates, after copying and pasting to another drive? I back my system up regularly but not with one of the commercially available programs; I just copy. XAMPP is a free and open source cross-platform web server package, consisting mainly of the Apache HTTP Server, MySQL database, and interpreters for scripts written in the PHP and Perl programming languages. How to create a new file in Unix touch Example : touch abc. Here are several unsuccessful attempts: 1) I tried creating temporary files and setting their timestamp to the first time in the next month and the first time in the target month and use -newer in find, like this:. Researchers discovered a new FuxSocy ransomware strain that employs several of the same techniques as the notorious Cerber malware family. How can I find files between two dates? If relevant, the end goal will be a batch that will move each file found, matching the date interval, to a folder. How to show hidden files in Windows 7. Is this possible in Finder, or am I stuck with command line "find. but power of unix find command is you can not only find files by names, types, modified time but also on several other attributes of file like finding read only files, finding all executable files in linux etc. (3 Replies). The outcome is "known" when the left hand side of the expression. A Unix group plays important role in handling file permissions and process management. find command: 15 examples to exclude directories using prune When we search for files in Unix/Linux using the find command , we might want to search for files only in some specific directories, OR to search in all directories except a particular directory and so on. e an hour ago, a day ago, 24 hours ago, a weeks ago and so on) in Unix and Linux environment, the find command will come in handy. Instead, it uses the file modification date to find it. Here, again we use find command to find all the files in root directory, but now we will print the result as: last date the file was accessed, last time the file was accessed and then filename. Find Command in Unix Syntax and Options : In this section i would like to give you the find command syntax with its main options. We will use input fileF_Input_File. To find files that match a specific pattern, use the -name argument. %defs; ]> - opensource. How to append string/data to a file in Linux This article will show you how to append a string (or any data) to the end of a file under Linux/Unix. Introduction to Unix commands Create a new directory in Unix Get a recursive directory listing in Unix Use the Unix find command to search for files This is document abds in the Knowledge Base. 3 for further information. T o find all files that was modified since a specific time ago (i. This is a terrible method due to it showing any files editing on Feb 22, regardless of the year - but usually this isn't an issue for me. Finding the Files: The find command has an option for displaying file older than 'X' days from when it was last accessed, by the flag '-atime +X'. Your response will be highly appreciated. Specifically, you'd like to search several folders beneath your current location, but not all folders. Now there's a small problem, depending on your Linux, BSD or Unix distro, Find command can be slightly different (in terms of Syntaxes). The position listed below is not with Rapid Interviews but with PNC Bank Our goal is to connect you with supportive resources in order to attain your dream career. I just had a request for tips on searching the file system for files matching certain criteria, with file age based on the date created being the blocking issue for this user. On some platforms, you can also find out who owns the file in question. If you then wanted to list all files in /usr that need to be saved when the operating system is upgraded, use:. Let us start by executing some basic ls commands. macam macam debian1. "find" command is our friend here, using "-newer" argument. (Must be done for each file. Writing a Perl replacement of the Unix grep command does not have much value, unless you do something much better , or if you want to reimplement the Unix commands in Perl. Because java. (Use the -d option to set a different column delimiter. Find And Copy Certain Type Of Files From One Directory To Another In Linux We are going to use the 'find' command to do organize files. We work directl. Find all recently modified files. Those box are used for broadcasting some video flow and download lot of media files which aren’t managed by our software. hi all I would like to help me find the problem with this script to find and print to the screen a specific date of a log file that I have on my server, the date it is received as the first argument in the script $ 1 Here I show you a few lines that made the idea of my log file: **** (4 Replies). Both are helpful in narrowing down to the exact files that are needed. This is a 2-step process: create reference file(s) with required date limit(s) run find command with reference to this/these file(s) find all files modified after 2015/12/15 6:51pm and 2 seconds touch -t 201512151851. /mac/development/libraries This list is intended to include all and only the files within this directory. It can Help Locate Files, Search for Text Strings, and Change the File Date/Time Settings. ), of type "file" (-type f), modified at least 1 day from now (-mtime 1, but it's subtle, follow the link to learn more), and for each one of them execute the command cp followed by the name of the file that match the previous conditions and by a literal bak/--- in the exec clause, the closing semicolon (escaped to avoid the shell eating it. For example to find file in last 2 months (60 days) you need to use -mtime +60 option. Here is an example looking for files modified between May 9 2008 and May 13 2008, in /home:. I need to recursively list all files in a directory that were modified after a certain date. Installation of PSL and REDUCE for UNIX systems based on. This guide will cover how to use these two tools to craft specific queries for files. At Red Hat we have a particular fondness for Halloween. This won't work for certain types of files, including text and rich-text formatted files. Researchers discovered a new FuxSocy ransomware strain that employs several of the same techniques as the notorious Cerber malware family. Almost all web servers support this, except for free web hosting companies. started on unix myself. Introduction to Unix commands Create a new directory in Unix Get a recursive directory listing in Unix Use the Unix find command to search for files This is document abds in the Knowledge Base. It returns list of file if the file was last accessed N*24 hours ago. com %defs; ]>. Search Search. People that restore CRTs and televisions for any residing take. For example when you see a file with an extension of gif, jpg, bmp, or png you think of an image file, and when you see a file with an extension of zip, you assume the file has been compressed using a zip compression utility. You'll obviously need to connect to a SQL Server instance to locate the database that you need to find out more information about. There are four main user administration files − /etc/passwd − Keeps the user account and password information. Rotate Log Files. The files which are older than a specified date will be removed. find files modified in the last X days and X hours and X mins find in Unix, as we know, is a command which nobody can live without. Use your computer's Find function when you have forgotten where you stored something, or if you have forgotten the name of the file you want. Linux Basic ls Commands. We work d. 10 Yosemite. From [email protected] Most administrators have used the find command with the -mtime, -ctime, or -atime options to find files by date range. It returns a list of the matching words or shows each line of text that contains them. I have a set delimiter that I am able to use as a "drop from here" point and want to modifiy the output to use the shortened string. Try to find an answer by reading the manual. If you need on or after X date, go with the other suggestions of using mtime. The answer depends on which UNIX you are talking about Generally speaking, a proper database of file names will always be faster than traversing the file system tree. How to set the SetUID and SetGID bit for files in Linux and Unix Posted on July 2, 2012 by Geekster — 9 Comments ↓ The setuid (set user id) is a permission bit, that allows the users to exec a program with the permissions of its owner. txt extensions) in the current directory to unix-style breaks. This article. In Unix-like and some other operating systems, find is a command-line utility (Find Command Examples here) can be used to search through one or more directory trees of a file system, locates files based on some user-specified criteria and applies a user-specified action on each matched file. To install, just double-click on the icon of the file you downloaded. Using linux commands , is there way to list files which are created an hour (or particular date) before ?. The first method is operating system agnostic, meaning you’ll be able to use the search function with Mac OS X, Linux, BSD, and many other unix variations, whereas the second trick for searching utilizes a Mac-only model of finding files from the command line. Modifying your hosts file enables you to override the domain name system (DNS) for a domain on a specific machine. pdf is the oldest file in /home/sk/ostechnix/ directory. A (pre-edited) list stored as a file can also be used, by using cat to feed the pipeline or simply by redirecting the shell's standard-input (<). What most users don't know is that you can use less-than(<) or greater than(>) signs in Windows Explorer Search. Same as when searching by size, use the plus and minus symbols for “greater than” or “less than”. Execute End With For I = 1 To blah. notify when a file is modified on a Team to all team members. find command: 15 examples to exclude directories using prune When we search for files in Unix/Linux using the find command , we might want to search for files only in some specific directories, OR to search in all directories except a particular directory and so on. txt convert the file textfile. the most common are check for modified time. Basic Unix Commands - Read online for free. txt) or read online for free. There are four main user administration files − /etc/passwd − Keeps the user account and password information. Certain commands such as the mv command and cp command are used for moving and copying files around and there are switches that can be used with these commands that create a backup of the original file. If you ever need to use the Linux find command to find a large collection of files and copy them to another location, I hope this has been helpful. Find all recently modified files. touch -t 0810010000 /tmp/t1 touch -t. This brief tutorial covers how to find files bigger or smaller than X size in Unix-like operating systems. This blog covers Unix system administration HOWTO tips for using inline for loops, find command, Unix scripting, configuration, SQL, various Unix-based tools, and command line interface syntax. com %defs; ]>. Now let’s break down what each part is actually doing for us. How to search a directory tree for all files containing specific text string on Linux using the command line. There's nothing better than to employ the find command. Two lines above this line is empty. Create a script that shows lines containing trailing white spaces from a file. You could also type a specific date using regular date formats. touch filename By default this will set the file's modification time to the current time, but there are a number of flags, such as the -d flag to pick a particular date. -newermt "a day ago" finds all files under the current directory which have been modified within the last day. File can represent a file, wildcard, or directory node, this class has many more uses than its name would suggest. Linux Interview Questions - Part 1 This article contains a few interview questions related to Unix or Linux Shell Scripting and command-line stuff. Find command in Unix is a powerful utility to search for files. Emacs file name handler magic applies to both file-attributes and set-file-times so they can act on "remote" files too. File visiting buffers record the modification time of the file so as to guard against changes by another program. Hi there! I was wondering if someone could help me with the following: I'm trying to find all files within a directory which have been modified since midnight of the current date. g find /path/*. How to search a directory tree for all files containing specific text string on Linux using the command line. From The Unix Shell Prompt vi file1 file2 vi two (or more) files at the same time From Command Mode:n Move to file2 from file1:rew Rewind back to file1:e! Restore original file1 file2 (start all over) ZZ Save and quit file. Guide to Unix/Commands/Finding Files. This can be done with the find command options available. The file is with. I want to copy files based on date modified and move them to respective folders months folders(Dec dated files should be copied to Dec folder) in AIX. at the UNIX prompt. Rotate Log Files. Let’s say that a few days ago, you modified one of the dovecot configuration files, but you forgot which. How to get date and time in a batch file. Home Register News Help Create Downloads Community Site Search Register News Help Create Downloads Community Site Search. I will write a script which needs to remove files from a certain directory. It would print the recently modified file at the bottom. In this article, I will show you how to sort files by date using ls command in Linux. Different checkers are programmed to look for different problems, so their reports will vary significantly from each other. Find Files By Access, Modification Date / Time Under Linux or UNIX. When you want to change the modified date of a file, you can change the date in the file properties dialog. The most common use case for this is deleting rotated logs which are older than a certain number of days or removing old backups to clear space for more recent backups. On one of the directories I General Discussion: Copied files change modified date I've hit a showstopper in Windows 7 for which I have so far been unable to find a workaround. I'd like to just get a list of files, then click on "Date modified" to find recent activity. How to Find Large Files and Directories One of the most repetitive tasks in an SA's work shift is finding large files and directories. more: prints the contents of a file. Almost all web servers support this, except for free web hosting companies. trm -mtime +1000 -exec rm {} \;). Find Files By Access, Modification Date / Time Under Linux or UNIX. Double-click the folder with the file you want to change and click on the file name. Hello Mates! I'm kinda new to unix and need to a solve a problem. When you open the Terminal window, the working directory is set to your home directory, abbreviated ~. How To Update A File Keeping Original File Using S How To Replace Text In Specific Line Using Sed In Split Nth Column of A CSV File Into Multiple Colum How To Convert Fixed Width File To Delimited Using Shell Script For Archiving & Maintenance Of Output 7 Examples All You Need To Understand Date In Unix. Using find command, we can also easily find files bigger or smaller than given size. The string rw-rw-r-- , indicates you and members of your group have read and write permission, while the world has read only priviledge. The way I have mine set up it prompts me for the instance information and credentials every time I open it. I have 5 files with names is as below, I have a requirement to find out the recent file among them using vbscript. See the previous section for another variant on log rotation. Using Get-ChildItem to Find Files by Date and Time Kris in PowerShell Subscribe August 25, 2015 As sysadmins (system administrators), we often find ourselves needing to take inventory of the workstations and servers that we manage. This brief tutorial covers how to find files bigger or smaller than X size in Unix-like operating systems. UNIX commands can often be grouped together to make even more powerful commands with capabilities known as I/O redirection ( < for getting input from a file input and > for outputing to a file ) and piping using | to feed the output of one command as input to the next. To view the output type. Recording Changes to the Repository At this point, you should have a bona fide Git repository on your local machine, and a checkout or working copy of all of its files in front of you. conf change will close the vulnerability. How do I find out what date a website or any thing on Google is written. Whether you use it 10 times a day or 100 times a day, knowing the power of ls command can make your command line journey enjoyable. LastModified = msoLastModifiedAnyTime. It returns lists of items that meet your specific search criteria. Changing file timestamps to a specific date and time. Date command in Unix & Linux is used to format date as well as time. Try to find an answer by searching the archives of the forum or mailing list you plan to post to. So for example, I would want for today to list files that are older then 06/13/2012. The answer depends on which UNIX you are talking about Generally speaking, a proper database of file names will always be faster than traversing the file system tree. In addition, you can use ranges to select or exclude specific sets of files. How to search multiple directories (folders) with find. find files by name or part of name or extension In one of our earlier articles on find, we saw about finding files depending on their modification time. Currently i can remove based on time (e. Tsunami hazard map is needed for better understanding of hazard level in a particular area and tsunami modeling is one of the most reliable techniques to produce hazard map. This is a very useful command when you need to free some space when a UNIX file system has become full. Variation: Finding files on the Python path. There are four main user administration files − /etc/passwd − Keeps the user account and password information. Unix shell script + How to check the file and date. It returns files with a modification time newer than the reference file. To find out how to add This PC to your desktop or the Start menu, see My Computer is now This PC. The ls command is used to list directory contents and the results can be sorted upon several criteria such as by date, alphabetical order of filenames, modification time, access time, version and file size. We work d. But i want to remove. fff seconds (fff represents fractions of a second). The Linux 'find' and 'locate' commands can both be used to search for files on the filesystem. And searching Google is less than pleasant since searching this topic comes up with hundreds of way to "find yesterday's date using the date command". 6 people were helped by this reply. I would like to know more about finding files from the shell prompt. Other date and time formats. Currently i can remove based on time (e. -type f); do echo "mv $file $(dirname $file)/$(date [email protected]$(stat --format="%Y" ${file}) +"%Y-%m-%d")" done "find. UNIX Overview. ) To search for files before or after a specific date and time, use the operators < or > before the date time. trm files between jan 1 2002 to April 15 2005. 10 ways to use grep to search files in Linux by Scott Matteson in Open Source on April 7, 2017, 8:27 AM PST The grep command is a powerful tool for searching for files or information. To install, just double-click on the icon of the file you downloaded. It's surprisingly difficult to tell with certainty when a web page was written. Find has a -newer option that tests each file and compares the modification date to the newer file. (Or, just leave the Search box blank to find all files created within a specific date range. If you tell it to change a word, it will only change the first occurrence of the word on a line. Find And Delete Oldest File If There Are More Than X Files In A Directory I have so many movies in my hard drive and I have stored them in different folders based on the movie genre. A (pre-edited) list stored as a file can also be used, by using cat to feed the pipeline or simply by redirecting the shell's standard-input (<). As you see in the above output, Absolute FreeBSD_ 2nd Edition. If the command “gzip” is successful then the file name will end with “. Double-click the folder with the file you want to change and click on the file name. If that fails to use the menu on your Linux desktop environment to find the terminal editor. find command will give me the time when the file got modified however i am looking for unix user name who modified this file. The AgeFileFilter in the ApacheS W Commons IOS library is a filter that can be used to filter files based on their last-modified dates. Guide to Unix/Commands/Finding Files. I use AIX via telnet here at work, and I'd like to know how to find files in a specific folder between a date range. g: All modified files between 20 April 2010, 1100-1200 Hrs. If you need on or after X date, go with the other suggestions of using mtime. However, you can use file access and modification time and date to find out file by date. txt" and gave it a new creation date. There are two ways to list files in given directory modified after given date of the current year. Unix/Linux systems don't store the creation dates of files, so the closest you can get is the modification date. ABC_08082014. It's very simply to find files which are larger than a specified size. -mtime -1. To find older files, preceed the -newer expression with the negation operator !. For example, find. find / -newer /tmp/t find / -not -newer /tmp/t You could also look at files between certain dates by creating two files with touch. Is there a way i can compare file modified time with system time and perform any operation based on it. -maxdepth 1 -mtime -1 Note that to find files modified before 24 hours ago, you have to use -mtime +1 instead of -mtime -1. It's a shell extension that lets you right-click on a file or folder to perform actions like changing the date/time and lots more. (The ‘Tcl/Tk’ component is needed to use package tcltk. How to set the SetUID and SetGID bit for files in Linux and Unix Posted on July 2, 2012 by Geekster — 9 Comments ↓ The setuid (set user id) is a permission bit, that allows the users to exec a program with the permissions of its owner. "This was the basis for the old classification of white-collar. conf on Linux/BSD/Unix or client. Learn about Linux and Unix date & time formating with the help of simple explanation and added example. LastModified = msoLastModifiedAnyTime. UNIX commands can often be grouped together to make even more powerful commands with capabilities known as I/O redirection ( < for getting input from a file input and > for outputing to a file ) and piping using | to feed the output of one command as input to the next. org/onlinepubs/9699919799/utilities/find. I believe having knowledge of find command in UNIX and understanding of its different usa ge will increase your productivity a lot in UNIX. How to find files modified between specific dates in Mac or Linux? You can use touch, find and xargs to do that. Using 'exec' option executes certain commands for each file found by find: Absent from traditional UNIX, is GNU software. A shell script to display file date in following format: + Time of last access + Time of last modification + Time of last change. g find /path/*. Now let's break down what each part is actually doing for us. Not all files have a standard format. You can add a specific amount to the current times on the file or even copy time from one file to another to make them match. find is recursive so it will also look in the subdirectories of /usr/local/lib If the list is very long you may want to direct the output to a file. Just click Alt+V to show the View menu, then choose Sort by, and ‘Date Modified’ and ‘Descending’ to show the latest files first. If you are going to be changing the date and time for a lot of files/folders on your PC, then you might want to check out Attribute Changer. We work d. Note that some of these commands are different on non-Solaris machines - see SunOS differences. Files have a last-modified time (shown by "ls -l"), a last-accessed time (shown by "ls -lu") and an inode change time (shown by "ls -lc").